Navigating Funding Rounds: A Short Guide for Startups

Raising capital through funding rounds is a critical milestone that can propel your startup to new heights. However, each funding round brings a set of legal complexities that require attention. At MK-Law, we have successfully advised numerous startups through various stages of fundraising. Here are some key legal aspects we think every startup should consider during this crucial phase:

1. Understanding Investment Structures

Whether you’re engaging in a seed round, Series A, B, C, or beyond, it’s essential to understand the types of financial instruments involved. Knowing the pros and cons of these options early on can help you plan your strategy and make a more informed decision.

2. Due Diligence Preparedness

Investors will undertake extensive due diligence before they commit. This process will scrutinize your financials, contracts, team, and even your intellectual property. Being organized and transparent can significantly expedite this process. A messy data room compiled in a hurry rarely has a positive effect on the startup’s valuation…

3. Key Contractual Agreements

Your startup should have key contracts such as customer agreements, employment agreements, and any intellectual property licenses in place. These contracts not only protect your business operations, but also demonstrate a level of sophistication and readiness to potential investors.

4. Corporate Governance

Changes in governance structures often accompany funding rounds. Whether it’s adding board members or revising shareholder agreements, these changes have implications for control and decision-making within your startup. Being aware of these implications is essential.

5. Term Sheet Nuances

The term sheet provides the blueprint for your relationship with investors. Clauses to pay attention to include possible liquidation preferences, anti-dilution provisions, and veto rights, among others. The term sheet isn’t just a preliminary agreement; its terms often find their way into the final investment documents, so treat it with the gravity it deserves.

6. Regulatory Compliance

Sector-specific regulations can add another layer of complexity. Whether you’re in healthcare, fintech, or any other regulated industry, compliance is not optional. Overlooking this aspect can not only jeopardize your funding round, but also expose your startup to legal risks.

7. Shareholder Agreements

These are either established or revised during funding rounds. Close attention should be paid to terms concerning share transfers, rights of first refusal, and exit strategies. Missteps can lead to shareholder conflicts and might even affect future financing rounds.

8. Intellectual Property Rights

Protecting your intellectual property can have a significant impact on your startup’s valuation. Before entering any funding round, ensure that all necessary intellectual property—be it patents, trademarks, or copyrights—is adequately protected.

9. Cap Table Management

Keeping a clear and updated capitalization table is essential for legal transparency and smooth negotiations with potential investors. Ensure your cap table is in order to avoid potential legal hurdles down the road.

10. Engage Legal Experts Early

The legal intricacies of fundraising rounds are not for the faint of heart. Expert legal counsel can help you navigate the complexities of legal agreements, due diligence, and more. Professional advice can often make the difference between a successful round and a missed opportunity.


The pathway to successful fundraising involves a web of legal considerations that go well beyond a compelling pitch or a robust business model. With proactive approach to these legal aspects, you can protect your startup and obtain a stronger negotiating position. For tailored advice that meets your startup’s specific needs, consider reaching out to legal professionals with particular experience of the startup world.